Bhagavad-gītā kiñcitadhītā” One śloka a day – 4.14
न मां कर्माणि लिम्पन्ति ने मे कर्मफले स्पृहा |
इति मां योऽभिजानाति कर्मभिर्न स बध्यते || १४ ||
na māṁ karmāṇi limpanti name karmaphale spṛhā|
iti māṁ yo’bhijānāti karmabhirna sa badyate || 14 ||
Actions do not affect Me. There is no longing with reference to the result of action for Me. The one who knows Me clearly in this way is not bound by actions.
Metaphysically, I am not the agent of actions that you deem Me to be the agent of:
Those works do not taint Me, by originating a body etc. for Me, as I am without ahaṁkāra. Nor have I an earning for the fruits of My action. One who knows Me, to be the Self of all, is not bound by works. In his case too, works do not originate a psychophysical organism.
Actions such as creation of universe etc., do not bind Me, since I have no agentship, not enjoyership. Actions bind only those who have agentship and crave for its results. One who knows Me thus, as his own Self, is also not bound his actions. Meaning, he becomes liberated by knowledge of the Self, which is a non-agent.
Pūjya Swami Dayananda Saraswati
Kṛṣṇa reveals a fact about Bhagavān, and extends it to an individual also. Actions done by Bhagavān, such as creating the universe etc., do not create sukha and duḥkha in Him, because they do not create puṇya or pāpa in Him like a jīva. Because the notion “I am the doer” is not there.
Kṛṣṇa performed karma not for results, so he was not bound. What about me? The one who knows Īśvara as oneself clearly, also does not get bound.
And if ātmā has distinguishing feature, how many ātmās can be there? There is no Īśvara ātmā and jīva ātmā – there is only one ātmā. The seeming difference is due to upādhi.
This verse is considered as a mahāvākya, since jīva and Īśvara are equated. Understanding of this equation is mokṣa, liberation.
My take home points
- It has already been revealed to us that we are not the body-mind-sense complex, but our true self, true nature is ātmā which is the substratum on which the BMSC has been superimposed due to ajñāna. There is actually nothing more to reveal.
- We need to assimilate this knowledge, and make it our own. And start living according to the revelation.
- We need to give up the sense of doership. Let us slow down our lives a bit, be alert of whenever we utter the word “I”, remind ourselves of the true “I”, and then do what is to be done. I think slowing down our life and starting to live consciously is the way to assimilating the knowledge. If we continue to live life at the same pace, then we do not give the knowledge a chance to be assimilated, for most of our actions are done reflexively than consciously.
- Let us try to become conscious of even how we talk, and think. It is thoughts that come out as words, and crystallize into actions. We need to start acting consciously, then talking consciously, later thinking consciously. Consciously means being conscious of the knowledge of our true nature.
- We run around as though there is no tomorrow; we speak totally identifying with our BMSC and say “I am – male, dark, in pain, thirsty, hungry, angry, sad, brilliant, ignorant etc.”. From now on, we need to pause and start speaking in a language that does not fortify this identification.