Namaskaar. We are now entering the last 8 verses nos. 13-20 of this Chapter. These verses are very important and beautifully presented by The Lord. HE gives us 35 qualities of a Bhakta devotee. Each of these qualities has been explained in great detail by the Masters and for our benefit Swami Chinmayananda has given a short explanation, in brief. But it would be a good idea to study and contemplate on these 35 qualities in much detail. I remember our teacher explainig the very first quality “one who hates no one”. When asked why not say “Love everyone” instead of “Hate no one” he said its not possible to go out and ‘love’ everyone who may be strangers to you, whose nature, habits, lifestyle you do not know. But its very easy not to ‘hate’ that person. Similarly other qualities are also beautifully explained.
In these 2 verses the following qualities are enumerated :
- Not hating any being
- Friendly and Compassionate
- Free from attachment and egoism
- Balanced in pleasure and pain
- Steady in meditation
- Tranquility of mind
- Having Firm conviction
- Surrendering the mind and intellect to the Supreme
I will separately post a detailed writeup by Pujya Swamiji on each of these 35 qualities. Hope we can all benefit from this and subsequent mananam introspection and thinking.
WITH REFERENCE TO THOSE WHO ARE MEDITATING UPON THE IMPERISHABLE, THE INFINITE, THE LORD PRESCRIBES A CERTAIN MENTAL AND INTELLECTUAL CONDUCT WHICH FORMS THE DIRECT MEANS TO PERFECTION
अद्वेष्टा सर्वभूतानां मैत्रः करुण एव च ।
निर्ममो निरहङ्कारः समदुःखसुखः क्षमी ॥ १२-१३॥
सन्तुष्टः सततं योगी यतात्मा दृढनिश्चयः ।
मय्यर्पितमनोबुद्धिर्यो मद्भक्तः स मे प्रियः ॥ १२-१४॥
He who hates no creature, who is friendly and compassionate to all, who is free from attachment and egoism, balanced in pleasure and pain, and forgiving . . . 12.13
Ever content, steady in meditation, self-controlled, possessed of firm conviction, with mind and intellect dedicated to Me, he, My devotee, is dear to me 12.14
In the following seven stanzas (XII-13 to 19), in six different sections, Lord Krishna enumerates the characteristic features of a Man-of-Perfection, and thereby prescribes the correct mode-of-conduct and the way-of-life for all seekers. In these stanzas, the Yogeshwara Lord has very well succeeded in painting the picture of a true devotee for Arjuna’s understanding. As a true painter would again and again step back from his canvas to judge his own production and then go forward to it to lay a few more strokes to bring out his theme into a more effective relief on his canvas, so too Krishna is trying in these seven stanzas to paint the mental beauty and the intellectual equipoise of a true devotee, along with his relationship with the world around him. No other part in the whole Geeta can be compared with the beauty of expression that we have in these stanzas, except perhaps, the description of “the Man-of-Steady-Wisdom (II-55 to 68) that we read in the second chapter.
Moral rules and ethical codes of behaviour are in Hinduism not arbitrary commandments thrust upon its followers by a Son of God, or by a Messiah. These rules of conduct are copied from the behaviour of God-men who had attained the spiritual perfection and had actually lived among us. Seekers are those who are striving hard to attain the spiritual experience of those Saints and Seers. A devotee who is trying to attune himself with these Masters of Yoga should necessarily start at least copying their external behaviour and mental beauties, which constitute the moral and ethical rules prescribed in our religion.
Eleven noble qualities are indicated in the above two stanzas which constitute the OPENING SECTION. Everyone of them declares a moral phase in the character of Man-of-Perfection. One who has realised that the Spirit everywhere is one and the same, and that the Spirit-in-All alone is his own Self, cannot, thereafter, afford to hate anyone, because, from his vision-of-understanding, there is no one who is other than Him! No living man can afford to hate his own right hand because he is in it too. Nobody hates himself!
His attitude to all living creatures will be friendly, and he is ever compassionate to all. He offers security of life to all beings. He cannot regard anything as his and he is completely free from the notion of egoism. Even-minded in pain and pleasure, he remains supremely unaffected even when beaten or abused. Always content, he discovers a flawless infinite joy in himself whether he obtains even the means of his bodily sustenance or not. Steadfast in his meditation, self-controlled and firm in his resolve, he lives on joyously, his mind and intellect “ever centered in Me.” THE LORD SAYS, “SUCH A PERFECT, DEVOTED YOGI IS DEAR TO ME.”
The truth expressed in the stanza earlier, “I am very dear to the Man-to-Wisdom and he is dear to Me” (VII-17), is being more elaborately elucidated in all these seven verses of this chapter.
Pranaam from Kamal Kothari