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Namaskaar. In this Part 14 of our series on Qualities of a Parabhakta we move on to Verse #18 of the Bhagavad Gita Chapter 12 where a few more of the Qualities are explained by Pujya Swamiji.


Samah Satrau ca mitre ca he is the same with reference to an enemy and a friend.
Someone who desires your well-being out of affection for you is a friend, mitra. Satru, an enemy, is one who wants to hurt you in some manner. The question here is, how can a jnani have a Satru? Why should he first create an enemy and then be equable towards him? A jnani does not create enemies, but they arise nevertheless just by his being himself. Suppose all he does is sit under a tree. There will always be someone who is jealous because he is not capable of sitting under a tree. Whether a jnani has a big palace or is simply sitting under a tree, someone will be jealous. There are so many reasons for enmity. You need not do anything at all – even the shape of your nose can be good enough. That is motiveless enmity. Something about you reminds him of someone who once harmed him and that invokes enmity. But how are you going to deal with those enemies? Bhagavan says he is sama, the same. There is no change in the antahkarana-vrtti whether a friend or an enemy approaches. The enemy creates no disturbance and the friend does not make him more secure or happy. He is sama, the same to both.

Similarly, he is the same when he receives maana, respect, or apamana, the opposite. Whether he becomes an object of worship or is disrespected, even shamed, he is the same.

Shitosnasukhaduhkhesu samah, in cold and hot, pleasant and unpleasant situations, he is the same unlike a samsari for whom even the weather is a constant source of complaint. In summer we go on about how hot it is and when winter comes we complain about the cold. When it rains we complain and also when it is dry. Then, if the weather is just perfect, we complain that we can’t get out; we have to work. The wise man, however, remains equal to all these opposites. It is not that he experiences them any differently; hot is hot and cold is cold for him also. But his mind is undisturbed with regard to them.

Sangavivarjitah, the one who is free from any kind of attachment.
There are many possible attachments. Even a sannyasi, though he has given up wife and children etc., may still worry about them. One who is sanga-vivarjita has no emotional dependence upon people or things. This extends even to his own body. You may not have other dependencies but everything can get focused on the body, as it does for bodybuilders and the like. It is healthier to have some dependence on others than to have such an extreme dependence on the body. From there it extends outwards to wife, children, house, carpet, furniture etc. The jnani, however, is free from any type of dependence, sanga-vivarjita.


To be continued……………
Links to previous Parts – 1 to 13 are in Menu section under Vedanta Topics–Series
Pranaam from Kamal Kothari