Namaskaar. Moving on to Part 21 of Kathopanishat commentary. The popular verse… Arise, Awake….. is elaborated in this part.
In the previous mantra (1.3.11) the upaniShad specified the Self, brahman, to be the Goal to be ‘attained’. Now a question arises as to how can the Self be a goal since a goal is something that is not yet reached or visited before and which is different or distinct from oneself. In common parlance we see a traveller aiming to reach some place away from where he is and which is distinct from what he himself is. Surely one’s own Self cannot be different from oneself. In this context it is to be remembered that ‘to reach’ the Goal of Self is nothing but realizing, knowing, the Self to be oneself as distinct from the body, mind, etc. apparatus that was mistakenly thought to be oneself.
Thus, by courtesy is the word ‘Goal’ used to denote the Self. We have a shruti (itihAsa upaniShad (18)) passage that says: ‘Those who want to get beyond the ways (of the world), do not walk on roads.’ The following mantra clearly points to the Self as nothing other than our true being: Continue reading