Namaskaar. Some wonderful lessons being taught in this Part 17 of the Kathopanishat commentary.
The Acharya Yama is continuing his delineation of the Self upon being asked for it by the wonderful aspirant Nachiketas.
नायमात्मा प्रवचनेन लभ्यो
न मेधया न बहुना श्रुतेन ।
यमेवैष वृणुते तेन लभ्य-
स्तस्यैष आत्मा विवृणुते तनूं स्वाम् ॥ २३ ॥
न अयम् आत्मा This Atman is not प्रवचनेन लभ्यः attained through study न मेधया nor by intelligence न बहुना श्रुतेन or by much hearing of sacred literature. यम् he whom एव alone एष the Self वृणुते chooses तेन लभ्यः It is attaind by such a person तस्य Its एष this आत्मा Atman विवृणुते reveals तनूं स्वाम् Its true nature.
This Atman cannot be attained by the study of the veda-s, or by intelligence, or by much hearing of sacred books. It is attained by him alone whom It chooses. To such a one Atman reveals Its own form.
The upaniShad is making it very clear that a very high degree of commitment is required for the attainment of Self knowledge. One has to be a ‘chosen one’ for such a realization to occur. Who chooses whom? There is the famous statement: If you walk ten steps towards God, He comes hundred steps towards you’. Greater the commitment from the aspirant, greater is the ease with which the Self-revelation takes place. Says the renowned AchArya, Sri Sureshwara, in the naiShkarmyasiddhi:
यावद्यावन्निरस्यायं देहादीन्प्रत्यगञ्चति |
तावत्तावत्तदर्थोऽपि त्वमर्थं प्रविविक्षति || 3.28
[As much as a person rejects objects such as the body (as not-Self) and moves towards the Self, so much does the meaning of ‘That’ tend to enter into the meaning of ‘thou.’ ] Continue reading