Namaskaar. After a short break we continue with our Kathopanishat Commentary series by Shri V. Subrahmanian of Vedanta Academy.
Continuing the chariot imagery the AchArya Yama says:
इन्द्रियाणि हयानाहुः विषयांस्तेषु गोचरान्।
आत्मेद्रियमनोयुक्तं भोक्तेत्याहुर्मनीषिणः ॥४॥
इन्द्रियाणि the senses हयान् horses आहुः they say विषयान् the objects तेषु in गोचरान् the paths आत्मेन्द्रियमनोयुक्तं endowed with the body, the senses and the mind भोक्ता the enjoyer इति thus आहुः say मनीषिणः the wise
The senses, they say, are the horses; the objects, the roads. The wise call the atman—united with the body, the senses and the mind—the enjoyer.
The body-chariot has the various elements that are required to make the chariot a working one. The owner of the chariot, the jIva, the intellect, the chariot driver and the mind, the bridle to rein in the horses – are all required. The horses represent the sense organs. These are ten in number: the five sense organs (eye, ear, nose, tongue and skin) and five motor organs namely the organ of speech, hands, legs, the excretory and the genitive organ. The road on which the horses traverse denotes the sense objects: of sight, smell, sound, touch and taste. The entire seen world can be reduced to these five. All these exist not for themselves but for the sake of the Master of the chariot, the jIvAtman. Continue reading