Namaskaar. Moving on verses of Chapter 2 of Kathopanishat with commentary by Shri V. Subrahmanian on website of Advaita Academy.
The upaniShad in its Chapter 2, Section 1, opens the subject with a very important observation about the nature of bondage and the way out of bondage:
पराञ्चि खानि व्यतृणत् स्वयंभू-.
स्तस्मात् पराङ् पश्यति नान्तरात्मन् ।
दावृत्तचक्षुरमृतत्वमिच्छन् ॥ १ ॥
पराञ्चि outward turned खानि sense organs व्यतृणत् damned स्वयंभूः self-born तस्मात् therefore पराङ् outward पश्यति knowing न not अन्तरात्मन् the inner Self कश्चित् a rare धीरः courageous प्रत्यगात्मानम् inner Self ऐक्षत् beheld आवृत्तचक्षुः controlled senses अमृतत्वम् immortality इच्छन् desiring.
Yama said: The self-born Lord forced the senses outward; hence one sees outward and not the inner self. But a self-controlled person, desiring Immortality, beholds the inner Self with all sense organs controlled.
It is the nature of the sense organs to be outward turned. They are indeed made for knowing the outside world and bring inputs to their master for him to interact with the world. The very purpose of being a jIva is to be interacting with the observable world. In this process of getting inputs, rather seeking inputs and reacting there arises either joy or sorrow. This is what is termed ‘saMsAra’. Thus the grand scheme of mAyA is so very efficiently programmed that the mechanics of sensory input seeking and thereby interacting goes on unperturbed from day to day, from life to life, thereby keeping the individual in perpetual saMsAra.
The message of the upaniShad, the entire vedAnta, is that the individual has to put an end to this activity by self-effort so as to be free from saMsAra for ever. That is what is known as liberation from saMsAra. Continue reading