Namaskaar. The commentator continues with the verse that was left off in previous post. Very subtle topic indeed but he explains as best as could be.
Here is the explanation of the Mantra 2.2.3:
It is brahman that leads vAyu in the aspect of ‘prANa’, the upward flowing air, from the heart region. And it is brahman that pushes in the other aspect of vAyu called apAna by drawing it inside the body. It is brahman who is seated in the cave of the intellect of every being, experienceable as the consciousness that is behind every activity, mental, intellectual, motor and sensory, taking place in the body. The mantra calls this conscious entity ‘vAmanaH’, the one who is adorable, being dear to everyone. All the sensory activities that bring knowledge of form, colour, touch, smell, taste and sound, are directed to serve/please this One seated inside, for He is the master of the mind-body complex. It is as though these sense organs namely eye, skin, nose, tongue and ear, strive to offer oblations to the One Master seated inside, for whose sake these aggregates are present. The mantra gives an analogy to this feature. In the days of monarchy, the varNa system required the trading class, the vaishya, to submit a certain part of its produce/merchandise to the King, for the use in public governance.
In the case of the analogy, the trading class exists as a part of this governance and is recognized by the monarchy. The sense organs are there for the sake of the Self and they function on the impelling of the Self. In other words, the sense organs being themselves inert cannot function unless the sentience comes from the Self. This shows that the aggregate is devoid of existence and sentience of its own but derives existence and sentience by virtue of ‘being’ in the proximity of the Self. The mantra thereby teaches that there does exist the Self that is at the centre of this activity. This is one way, among many, the upaniShad adopts to teach us that the extremely subtle Atman, brahman, verily the Self, is not non-existent but a pivotal force behind the entire cosmos. Continue reading