Namaskaar. Moving on to Part 32 of Kathopanishat commentary by Shri V. Subrahmanian. Elaborating the omnipresence of Brahman, Atman through parables. A friend asked why so many verses and pages of explanation are required to explain the same topic? To which I simply asked how many pages it would take to explain subtle topics like what is “smell”, what is “air” or what is “space”? Its so difficult to explain even these things. Brahman, Atman is a far more subtle subject but the Upanishad and the Commentator have both done a commendable service by getting us to at least understand the concept. Its up to us now to contemplate and try and get ahead.
The Teacher, Lord Yama, is delineating the nature of brahman. In the mantra 2.3.2 brahman is shown to be the Cause of creation which wields the controlling power over the entire cosmic administration. This is depicted in a figurative way: It is as though brahman is holding a weapon, the thunderbolt, raised, so that the erring managers are always under fear of its blow and therefore are ever vigilant in carrying out their allotted cosmic duties. The sun, the air, the fire, etc. function through the respective deities and it is these deities that are under the control of the Supreme Lord, brahman. It is akin to the employer in the world who wields his controlling and supervisory powers over the employees. While in the world the employees have a periodical respite from their functions, the cosmic deities have to engage themselves in their functions without any rest.
The purpose of saying this is that those who realize brahman indicated through such a lordship become liberated. In other words, the Primary Consciousness behind the cosmic activity is the Supreme Self and he who realizes himself to be none other than this Supreme Consciousness ceases to be in the saMsAric bondage. Continue reading