Namaskaar. Moving on to Part 33 of the Commentary on Kathopanishat by Shri V. Subrahmanian. The commentator reiterates below “The upaniShad-s are never tired of saying that the Supreme Reality called brahman/Atman/puruSha and any other names is not an object of the organ eye.” How then is one to realise it? If one cannot feel it, see it, how is one to “realise” at all? Thats now being explained in the next few verses….
In the previous mantra it was shown that the Atman is distinct from the sense/motor organs. One should not conclude that the Atman is to be realized as existing outside (the body). In order to clarify this and show that the Atman is the Supreme Entity beyond all others in creation the following is taught:
इन्द्रियेभ्यः परं मनो मनसः सत्त्वमुच्यते ।
सत्त्वादधि महानात्मा महतोऽव्यक्तमुत्तमम् ॥ ७ ॥
इन्द्रियेभ्यः परं beyond the senses मनः is the mind मनसः beyond the mind सत्त्वम् उच्यते is said to be the intellect सत्त्वात् अधि higher than the intellect महान् आत्मा the great Atman महतः and even than the great Atman अव्यक्तम् उत्तमम् the Unmanifest is higher.
Beyond the senses is the mind, beyond the mind is the intellect, higher than the intellect is the Great Atman, higher than the Great Atman is the Unmanifest.
The senses are the ones directly connected, through interaction, with the objects of the world. So, the mention of the senses includes the idea that the senses are of the same category as the objects. Beyond the senses is the mind stuff. And the intellect is the one that is higher, in status, hierarchy, than the mind. The intellect is the subtle entity called ‘mahat’ The ‘mahat’ principle, also known as hiraNyagarbha, is the totality of all the individual intellects in creation and since it is ‘huge/large’ that way, it is called Great Atman. This principle is the product of the Unmanifest principle. In other words, the mahat can be said to be the first entity in the manifest world. Therefore, beyond the mahat is the Unmanifest. Continue reading