Namaskaar. Part 9 of Kathopanishat commentary gets very interesting with the dialogue continuing between Nachiketas and Lord Yama, and even more with the commentator inserting a very nice dialogue between a student and a teacher, both of the highest intellectual calibre. Read on…..
What causes man to choose the pleasurable, preyas, so naturally when he is capable of walking the path of that which is truly beneficial, sreyas? With a view to let the aspirant be aware of the nature of man, the upaniShat replies:
श्रेयः च प्रेयः च मनुष्यं एतः
तौ संपरीत्य विविनक्ति धीरः ।
श्रेयः हि धीरः अभि प्रेयसः वृणीते
प्रेयः मन्दः योग-क्षेमात् वृणीते ॥
श्रेयः the preferable च and प्रेयः च the pleasurable मनुष्यं man एतः approach तौ these two संपरीत्य weighed विविनक्ति distinguishes/separates धीरः the intelligent man. श्रेयः the preferable, the beneficial हि indeed धीरः the intelligent one अभि by all means प्रेयसः comparable to the pleasurable वृणीते selects प्रेयः the pleasurable मन्दः the short-sighted one योग-क्षेमात् to satisfy his concern for security and growth वृणीते chooses.