Namaskaar. Continuing with commentary on Kathopanishat by Shri V. Subrahmanian. With this Part 26 we come to end of Chapter 2 of this Upanishad. Interesting topic being explained with the help of some very popular and nice examples.
In the next mantra too brahman that is being discussed is taught:
अङ्गुष्ठमात्रः पुरुषो मध्य आत्मनि तिष्ठति ।
ईशानो भूतभव्यस्य न ततो विजुगुप्सते । एतद्वै तत् ॥ १२ ॥
अङ्गुष्ठमात्रः of the size of a thumb पुरुषः is the puruSha मध्ये आत्मनि in the centre of the body तिष्ठति dwells. ईशानः He is the Lord भूतभव्यस्य of the past and the future न ततः upon knowing Him विजुगुप्सते one does not protect oneself एतत् this alone वै indeed तत् is That.
The puruSha, of the size of a thumb, dwells in the body. He is the Lord of the past and the future. After knowing Him, one does not conceal oneself any more. This, verily, is That.
By saying ‘of the size of the thumb’ this is meant: The physical heart has a space inside that is of the size of one’s thumb. This is the location where the mind adjunct is said to be. The puruSha who resides here in the space that is akin to the space within a bamboo, with the mind as adjunct, is the one who fills the entire creation. And this location is in the middle of the body and hence the puruSha of the thumb-size is said to be located there. He is the Lord of the entire creation and realizing Him as non-different from oneself constitutes liberation from the finitude of saMsAra. Such liberation is expressed in terms of ‘not craving to protect oneself from the trammels of saMsAra.’ Continue reading